Urban influence and population change in New Zealand

While the NZ population overall continues to grow, a large proportion of towns and communities in rural or peripheral areas exhibit near-certain stagnation (Cameron infra) or decline in their populations (Jack & Brabyn infra). This is in part due to declining fertility and aging, and in part due to migration for economic or amenity-related reasons (Brabyn infra). 

This is not, however, the fate of all such areas, as it has long been thought that rural areas can benefit from growth spill-overs from nearby urban agglomeration. 

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Cochrane, William and David C. Mare. 2017. "Urban influence and population change in New Zealand" Policy Quarterly Vol 13 Supplementary Issue, Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, Wellington, New Zealand.